The concept of a great scientific domain spans the traditional distinctions of science versus engineering, research versus applications, and quantitative versus qualitative methods. It focuses on understanding and shaping the interactions among a coherent, distinctive and extensive body of structures and processes. It not only includes the traditional sciences and engineering, but also mathematics, the humanities and the “professions”, such as medicine, law, business and education. There are three traditional great scientific domains – physical, life and social – but there is now also a fourth domain that deserves the appellation: computing. Based on an earlier analysis of the computing domain, the Metascience Expression (ME) language has been developed to aid in understanding the structure of, and relationships among, great scientific domains. For computing, ME yielded a novel multidisciplinary organization capable of spanning its cacophony of subfields. Here, ME is applied – along with key themes from the study of science in society and results from ME’s use in computing – to provide new insight into the relationship between science and society.
|Keywords:||Great Scientific Domains, Computing, Society, Multidisciplinary, Metascience|
Professor, Department of Computer Science,, Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA