On the Recent Transformations of the Research System: In Search of a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries

By Patricia Bertin, Jenny Fry and Gillian Ragsdell.

Published by The International Journal of Science in Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: January 19, 2015 $US5.00

A growing body of literature has claimed that the research system is undergoing a significant transformation. Accounts such as “Finalization Science”, “Strategic Research”, “Post-normal Science”, and “Mode 2”—arguably the most popular among them—have tried to make sense and assess the implications of such a change in scholarship. These theorizations were produced in the context of highly developed nations, such as Australia, United States, and United Kingdom. A gap in the literature is found, however, when it comes to the recent developments of science in the context of developing countries. This paper discusses the prominent theorizations of changing research systems, with focus on their empirical validation and suitability to the context of developing countries’ research systems.

Keywords: Mode-2, Post-normal Science, Strategic Research, Research System, Developing Countries

The International Journal of Science in Society, Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2015, pp.1-16. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: January 19, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 558.707KB)).

Dr Patricia Bertin

PhD Student, Department of Information Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, UK

Patricia Bertin is currently a PhD student in Information Science at Loughborough University, UK, and a scientific researcher at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa, < http://www.embrapa.br/english>), a governmental Research and Development company. Her main research interests lie in information management and policies, scientific communication, and science popularization. She has worked as a co-editor and editor-in-chief substitute for the scientific journal Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira (PAB, Brazilian Agricultural Research, ISSN 1678-3921, ) for a period of 2 years. At Embrapa, Patricia Bertin works for the Decentralized Unit known as Embrapa Technological Information, which main role is to propose, coordinate, and execute strategies for the best management and diffusion of the information that is generated by Embrapa's research. There, Patricia Bertin has been Supervisor for Information Organization and Assistant-Manager for Information Organization and Diffusion from 2006 to 2010. An important part of her duties is to manage and make strategic decisions concerning the information that is produced at Embrapa, and to collect, organize, preserve, and disseminate this information.

Jenny Fry


Dr Gillian Ragsdell

Lecturer, Department of Information Science, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics, UK

Dr Gillian Ragsdell is a Lecturer in Knowledge Management in the Department of Information Science at Loughborough University, United Kingdom. She combines her industrial experience with her academic interests to build on the relationship between the theory and practice of knowledge management. Her origins in systems thinking and creative problem solving have proved particularly effective in the generation and sharing of knowledge. Action research projects have taken her into various organisations; recent examples include organisations from the voluntary sector, the water industry and the military.