Concentration, Reactive-Proactive Aggression, Non-verbal Aggression, and Wellness Among Video Games Playing Adolescents

By N. K. Rathee, Vikramjit Singh Rathee and Sudesh Bhardwaj.

Published by The International Journal of Science in Society

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 27, 2014 $US5.00

Video games have captured the attention of the younger generation as no other recreation or playful activity has ever had. A few years ago not many video games were available, but today there is no dearth of such games, and concept of online gaming has revolutionized the gaming scenario. Since adolescents spent hours after hours hooked in front of the TV monitors, health and wellness concerns obviously require urgent attention. In the present research, 43 adolescents (average age 16 years) who preferred playing video games involving fighting and violence were selected as subjects. Subjects were divided into three groups: Group A (N=17) played video games for 8 or more hours every day, Group B (N=15) played for 8-10 hours per week, and Group C (N=11) played for 2-3 hours per week. The subjects completed Concentration Grid Exercise, Adolescent Well Being Questionnaire, Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire and Non-verbal Aggression Questionnaire before starting their gaming session, and at the conclusion of their game session they once again filled up these questionnaires. The result of statistical analysis revealed that there was significant increase in the levels of Concentration at post-gaming stage for groups A and B. Among the groups, Group A was found to have significantly lower level of wellness and significantly higher level of reactive-proactive aggression and non-verbal aggression as compared to the other two groups, both at pre- and post-gaming stages. No significant differences were noticed on all the selected psychological constructs between Groups B and C at either stage. The results of this study have raised some serious health and wellness concerns relating to compulsive video game players, which further need to be explored in depth so as to return a cogent and emphatic finding in this context.

Keywords: Concentration, Reactive-Proactive Aggression, Non-verbal Aggression, Wellness, Video Games

The International Journal of Science in Society, Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2014, pp.33-41. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 27, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 617.733KB)).

Dr. N. K. Rathee

Associate Professor in Physical Education Pedagogy, Education Department, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware, USA

Teaching as Associate Professor in Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware, USA. Served for more than 10 years as Reader in Physical Education Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India, and overall have about 20 years teaching experience in higher education sector. Awarded PhD degree in 1993, Masters in Physical Education in 1985 from Panjab University, Chandigarh, awarded Gold Medal for standing of First in the University. Associate Editor in Chief of International Journal of Sports Sciences and Physical Education. Have attended 50 conferences, workshops and seminars at International and National levels. Have authored 46 research papers, 39 out of them have been published in reputed journals and in the proceedings of Conferences. Have supervised 11 PhD research and 16 Masters, MPhil and MEd dissertations. Co-authored 9 books on physical education. Member of Executive Board of Delaware Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. Member of: International Honor Society in Education KAPPA DELTA PI, Indian Society of Sports Anthropometry, Indian Society of Sports Scientists, Indian Association of Sports Scientists and Physical Education, and All India Association for Educational Research. Also member of various University, Senate and College wide Committees at Delaware State University. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vikramjit Singh Rathee

Student Scholar, Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA

Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Honors), University of Delaware; Recipient of Merit Scholarship, Robert L. Pigford Scholarship, & General Honors Award; In Dean's List during all the Semesters, and in Presidents List for 2012-2013. Teaching Assistant (TA) in Chemistry, Fall 2011 & Spring 2011; Researcher & Summer Scholar (researched on Mathematical Models for Evaporation of Thin Tear Film); Member of Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, AICHE, Omicron Delta Kappa Honor Society, and Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society; Prepared a timeline for batch reactors for Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Pipeline design for Fluid Mechanics; Successfully completed four Continuing Professional Competency Safety Courses from AICHE, Proficient in Matlab, Knowledge of Microsoft (Excel, PowerPoint, Word, Access), JAVA, Logger Pro; ASPEN software.

Sudesh Bhardwaj

Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Assistant Professor, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India. Earlier served as Assistant Professor in Physical Education, B.B.P.U. Constituent College, Balachaur, Punjab, India, and Government College for Girls, Sector 11, Chandigarh; PhD, M.P.Ed, (Gold Medalist in the University), B.P.Ed., B.Ed (Yoga). Cleared National Eligibility Test in Physical Education; Published 4 research papers, presented papers in 9 national and international conferences.