For China, during wartime—specifically the early twentieth century—the most immediate demand or expectation of Western science was to acquire advanced scientific techniques. Modern archaeology was introduced in China along with the introduction of natural science activities conducted by Western scientists working in China, particularly in geological and paleontological fields. In the present article, the author examines three archaeological cases—the Zhoukoudian excavation, Yangshao sites excavation and Anyang excavation projects—performed immediately following the May 4th Movement in China in 1919 to explore the sources of modern Chinese archaeology development in its initial stage, and ascertain how modern Western science was working in the field.
|Keywords:||Science, Archaeology, China, Early Twentieth Century|
Professor, Center for General Education and Core Curriculum, Natioanl Tsing Hua University, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan