Modern Western Science in Initial Chinese Archaeological Development

By Meili Yang.

Published by The International Journal of Science in Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

For China, during wartime—specifically the early twentieth century—the most immediate demand or expectation of Western science was to acquire advanced scientific techniques. Modern archaeology was introduced in China along with the introduction of natural science activities conducted by Western scientists working in China, particularly in geological and paleontological fields. In the present article, the author examines three archaeological cases—the Zhoukoudian excavation, Yangshao sites excavation and Anyang excavation projects—performed immediately following the May 4th Movement in China in 1919 to explore the sources of modern Chinese archaeology development in its initial stage, and ascertain how modern Western science was working in the field.

Keywords: Science, Archaeology, China, Early Twentieth Century

The International Journal of Science in Society, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp.23-31. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 438.722KB).

Prof. Meili Yang

Professor, Center for General Education and Core Curriculum, Natioanl Tsing Hua University, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan

Prof. Yang served as a senior curator in the Department of Antiquities at the National Palace Museum in Taipei from 1983-2007. She is currently teaching ‘Chinese Art History’ and 'Science and Art' in Taiwan. She received her MA in Chinese Art History from the National Taiwan University in Taiwan in 1983. In 2007, she began studying Conservation Science and Archaeology in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and School of Anthropology at the University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. She received a MS in Materials Science in 2010. She is always interested in using scientific methods to advance aiding Chinese Art History, Archaeology and Ancient Culture Studies, as well as Museum Conservation.