The different aspects of Hindu and Muslim ethnic conflict in India have received much academic attention since Partition. However, compared with the number of studies centered on the causes of ethnic conflicts, few studies indeed have focused on preventing them. We need to examine the specific efforts of the actors and thoroughly address the respective viewpoints of members of communities who have been involved in such conflicts.
This paper analyzes how some actors have attempted to prevent conflict through the case studies of the activities of the Mohalla Committees, organized by local police officers and citizens in Mumbai. The Mohalla Committees’ aim is to promote communication between local police officers and community members, and to prevent ethnic conflicts. Their activities include patrolling local areas, organizing religious festivals and recreation, and holding meetings between local police officers and people. This paper argues that community policing will lead to peace through dialogue between local police, citizens and the committee members.
|Keywords:||Conflict Prevention, Community Policing|
Ph.D. Candidate, Dept. of International Relations and Comparative Politics, Graduate School of Intercultural Studies, Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan