Effects of Residential Status and Sports Participation on the Mental Wellbeing of School Children

By N. K. Rathee and G. P. Pal.

Published by The International Journal of Science in Society

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This study was conducted to find out the effects of residential and non-residential status on the mental wellbeing of sports and non-sports participating school children. The subjects (N=317) were school children from residential and non-residential schools aged 15 years (+/- 2). Half of these subjects had been regularly participating in interschool sports competitions. To assess the level of their mental well being, the Mental Health Battery and Youth Problem Inventory were administered to the subjects. Statistical analysis was performed by using 2x2x2 factorial analysis, t-test, and Pearson’s product moment coefficient of correlation. The results revealed that there were significant differences between the students of residential and non-residential schools in their overall mental health; the residential group was found to have significantly better overall mental health. However, no such differences were observed with regard to overall youth problems among these two groups. Between the sports and non-sports groups, sportspersons were reported to have significantly better overall mental health, though these groups did not differ from each other with regard to overall youth problems. No significant gender differences were found among the subjects on overall mental health, but the two gender groups differed significantly with regard to overall youth problems. Male subjects were found to have comparatively more youth problems. Within the residential category of students, there were no significant differences between sports and non-sports persons, but within the non-residential category of students, non-sportspersons were found to have significantly more youth problems. A significant negative correlation was found between overall mental health and overall youth problems.

Keywords: Mental Wellbeing, Mental Health, Youth Problems

The International Journal of Science in Society, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.147-158. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 756.552KB).

Dr. N. K. Rathee

Assistant Professor in Physical Education Pedagogy, Education Department, Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware, USA

Dr. Rathee is an assistant professor in Delaware State University, Dover, Delaware, USA. Dr. Rathee was awarded a Ph.D. degree in 1993 and a Masters in physical education in 1985 from Panjab University. Dr. Rathee is associate editor in chief of the International Journal of Sports Sciences and Physical Education.

Dr. G. P. Pal

Lecturer in Physical Education, Govt. M S S School Sector 20, Govt. Model Sr. Sec. School, Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India

Dr. Pal is the Director of Physical Education in Govt. Model Sr. Sec. School, Sector 20-D, Chandigarh. Ph.D. in Physical Education. Recipient of State Award for Outstanding Service from Chandigarh Administration in 2011. General Secretary of Dodgeball Association of Chandigarh.