Aristotle’s Natural Philosophy: A Contrast with Early Greek and Modern Science

By Wataru Asanuma.

Published by The International Journal of Science in Society

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This paper shall explore Aristotle’s natural philosophy by paying attention to its role as a mediator between early Greek and modern science. To that aim, we shall focus on how to explain natural phenomena—based on a supernatural assumption or in a naturalistic way, and where to locate the physically important properties—within the physical objects or in the field around them. Aristotle’s natural philosophy holds contemporary significance in the sense that both mechanical and teleological views of nature are necessary for scientific explanations.

Keywords: Hylozoism of the Milesians, Democritean Atomism, Plato’s Theory of Forms, Aristotle’s Natural Philosophy, Hylomorphism, Substantial Forms, Mechanism, Teleology

The International Journal of Science in Society, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.237-246. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 598.160KB).

Dr. Wataru Asanuma

Adjunct Professor, Institute for Professional Studies, Organizational Leadership Program, St. Thomas University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA

Wataru Asanuma received a Ph.D. degree in philosophy from Florida State University in 2009. Originally from Japan, he had received his B.A. and M.A. in the same subject from Kyoto University. His main research interest lies in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, and the philosophy of science in general.